Pajamas or pyjamas, frequently shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can make reference to many similar kinds of clothes originating through the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by each sexes. Far more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five] The initial pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans during East India Enterprise rule in India.[eight]
The around the globe use of pajamas (the phrase and also the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the broader Western environment in the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first 50 % with the nineteenth century. They didn't become a trend in Britain and the Western planet as sleeping apparel for guys right until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is used by many folks in India e.g. by Girls of varied classes, by Sikh Adult males, and most by Mohammedans of each sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the practice like a good quite a few Other folks in the Portuguese. Thus Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A buddy furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was often the case with People furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it can be due to the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of delicate cloth, including flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket aspect generally contains a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Lots of individuals opt to snooze or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Due to this, pajama pants for guys and boys are often marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (often known as a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas made prior to the nineteen fifties, but during the early twenty-very first century They are really instead unusual.
Contemporary pajamas are derived from standard pajamas. There are several variations in fashion for example shorter sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of varying size,[sixteen] or, every now and then, 1-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a variety of elements. Mainly in the US, zenske pidzame stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Ordinarily worn by children, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.
Whilst pajamas are usually distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments like nightgowns, inside the US, they've got from time to time bundled the latter being a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very sort of quick dress top around shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas could right now consult with Females's combination daywear, specifically in the US wherever they grew to become well-known within the early twentieth century, consisting of short-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight pants. Samples of these include things like capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.